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Asia is the largest continent with 44.4 million square kilometers and the most populous with 3.9 billion inhabitants. Asia was the cradle of the first advanced civilizations of mankind (Sumerians, Assyrians, Babylonians, Chinese) with a diverse history going back many millennia. All world religions from Christianity to Buddhism also have their origins in Asia.



Because Asia forms a coherent landmass with Europe, the two continents are often seen as one continent (Eurasia). The border between Asia and Europe is marked by the Ural Mountains, the Caucasus and the Black Sea. Asia is separated from North America by the Bering Sea of the Pacific, from Africa by the Red Sea. The largest countries in Asia are the Russian Federation, China and India.

In the north there are extensive lowlands (Siberia) with tundra and forest areas. In the interior of the continent there are plateau countries and plateaus (Asia Minor, Iran, Tibet), which are surrounded by mighty mountain ranges (Caucasus, Himalayas, Kunlun). Here there are steppes and deserts. The Himalayas are the highest mountains in the world in Asia. South Asia includes the Malay archipelago and the peninsulas of the front and rear of India with the deep basins of the Indus, Ganges and Mekong. East Asia includes China with the Huang He and Yangtsekiang plains, the Korean Peninsula and the Japanese chain of islands. The highlands of Armenia and Iran are located in the Near Eastand Asia Minor. Finally, the Arabian Peninsula, Mesopotamia and the Levante bordering the Mediterranean extend to the southwest.

Climate and vegetation

The continent's climate and vegetation are very diverse, corresponding to the extent of Asia from the Arctic to the equator; Asia therefore includes regions of the tundra and taiga, continental steppe and grasslands, mountain and desert landscapes and tropical rainforests. That is why all climate zones are represented in Asia.

The fauna is also rich in species: in the north, for example, polar bears, wolves, reindeer and fur species, in Central Asia rodents, antelopes, wild horses, the double-humped camel, in the south big cats such as tigers and leopards as well as rhinos, elephants and monkeys.

South Asia


Well over 3.9 billion people live in Asia, that is more than half of all people on earth. The population density is very different: North and Central Asia are sparsely populated, the lowlands in the monsoon belt, on the other hand, have 90% of the population in a quarter of Asia. There are three major groups, ethnically and culturally: the oriental with Islam as the predominant religion, the Sino-Japanese, where Buddhism, Confucianism and Shintoism occur, and the Indian with Hindu orientation.

Community resources

Social resources include: labor, its efficiency, certainly among others. of health and education level, as well as the organization and structure of individual communities; in this area there is great variety in Asia. In several remote mountain regions, for example in Bhutan, there is still a purely feudal organization, in China and North Korea totalitarian communist systems. In other places there are dictatorships (e.g. in Myanmar (Burma)), while states such as India and Japan are democracies. Western Asia is also called Middle East by Countryaah.

The Japanese business organization calls for interest as an example that modern industry can be developed on the basis of an organizational form that is very different from the Western European-American. In Japan, the business sector is for the most part built around large groups that intervene deeply in employee relations - also of a private nature. The best interests of the employees are largely and in a patriarchal and protective manner; on the other hand, there is usually a lifelong, loyal association with the group. High work ethic is often cited as part of the explanation of the so-called Japanese miracle, which, however, perhaps in the absence of public scrutiny, has also led to serious disadvantages in, for example, ecological conditions, which were not observed until the late 1900s. took hold to resolve. In large parts of SE and East Asia, these features can be found,

In India, business development has long been hampered by the caste system, which originally had the character of a low-level being, however, based on the Hindu religion. This raises high barriers to development; castes, which still have different rank, mean less for business choices, but, especially in the countryside, much for the social structure. Japan and India as examples, of many possible, show the importance of community organization in Asia. Religious matters are tightly interwoven in daily life and influence on business, for example by rules on women's opportunities to work outside the home.

Countries in Asia

Countries in Asia
  1. Afghanistan
  2. Armenia
  3. Azerbaijan
  4. Bahrain
  5. Bangladesh
  6. Bhutan
  7. Brunei
  8. Cambodia
  9. China
  10. Cyprus
  11. East Timor
  12. Georgia
  13. India
  14. Indonesia
  15. Iran
  16. Iraq
  17. Israel
  18. Japan
  19. Jordan
  20. Kazakhstan
  21. Kuwait
  22. Kyrgyzstan
  23. Laos
  24. Lebanon
  25. Malaysia
  26. Maldives
  27. Mongolia
  28. Nepal
  29. North Korea
  30. Myanmar
  31. Oman
  32. Pakistan
  33. Philippines
  34. Qatar
  35. Saudi Arabia
  36. Singapore
  37. South Korea
  38. Sri Lanka
  39. Syria
  40. Tajikistan
  41. Taiwan
  42. Thailand
  43. Turkey
  44. Turkmenistan
  45. United Arab Emirates
  46. Uzbekistan
  47. Vietnam
  48. Yemen

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