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Yearbook 2016

Canada. A forest fire in the province of Alberta, which was initially considered a minor phenomenon, had devastating consequences in early May when it quickly spread and became difficult to stop due to drought and heavy winds. The fire, popularly called the "best", soon reached the town of Fort McMurray. There, 90,000 people were forced to leave their homes and 2,400 houses were destroyed, which was a tenth of all the houses in the city. No deaths were noted, however, the natural disaster was expected to be the most expensive in Canada's history, according to analysts who believed that insurance companies' spending would amount to about SEK 57 billion.

2016 CanadaThe oil industry was also affected when a site for oil extraction of oil sands is located in Alberta. 8,000 oil workers were evacuated from their camps near the city and oil companies in the area had to stop their production. According to the energy company Suncor Energy, the missing oil recovery meant a loss of SEK 6.5 billion.

Only in early June could the Fort McMurray residents return home. There, however, they risked being joined by black bears, who were reported to have installed themselves in the evacuated city to find food left over. In Alberta, around 40,000 bears live. Figures from the TT news agency indicated that the fire extinguished an area of ​​over 5,000 square kilometers. The advent of the fire was unclear, but it was believed to be caused by humans. On the other hand, it was judged to have such a spread due to record high temperatures and drought as a result of climate change and global warming.

2016 Canada

During the summer, the Senate passed a controversial bill to grant euthanasia to severely ill persons near death by natural means. According to countryaah, the current population of Canada is 37,742,165. The law meant that doctors, nurses and pharmacists would be given the right to help seriously ill people die without risking prosecution.

In August, the government decided to investigate the root causes of why indigenous women are among the most violent in the country. The group comprises 4% of the population, but among the victims of deadly violence they make up 16%. Representatives of indigenous peoples and human rights organizations have for decades demanded that the government act, and last year also called on UN Canada to set up an investigation. The decision came at a time when the Liberal government, which was elected in 2015, focused on being more inclusive against women. In June, a proposal was sent to the Senate to change the text line in the national anthem from "in all your sons command" to "in all of us command", and on International Women's Day March 8, the government's film consultant announced that half of the National Film Institute's budget would be reserved for female directors.

Canada Population

After seven years of negotiations, in October, the much-debated CETA, a Canada-EU free trade agreement, was signed. At the end, it was uncertain whether the agreement would lock in because Wallonia, a region in Belgium, turned to parts of the contract text. The trade agreement would provisionally start to apply at the turn of the year and meant that almost all customs duties and other fees relating to trade between the blocks would be abolished. However, analysts felt that CETA was in danger of being short-lived as further voting in regional and national parliaments within the EU is required for the agreement to be permanently in law.

Canada - Ottawa


Ottawa, Capital of Canada; 989,600 residents (2017), in the metropolitan area 1. 3 million. Ottawa is located on the Ottawa River in the province of Ontario. The city's business is based primarily on the national functions, and the largest employer is the federal government.

In addition, there are a number of companies in different service industries. The manufacturing industry is relatively insignificant; however, high-tech-oriented operations have become increasingly important in recent decades. Tourism is one of Ottawa's more important industries. Higher education is responsible for the University of Ottawa (founded 1848) and Carleton University (founded 1942).

Ottawa originated in 1827 in connection with the construction of the Rideau Canal (between the Ottawa River and Lake Ontario) and was named Bytown after the canal project leader, Colonel John By ( 1779-1836 ). The city was given its current name in 1855, was appointed Queen Victoria in the United Kingdom in 1857 and since 1867 is Canada's capital.


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