Central African Republic. Both the presidential and
parliamentary elections held at the end of December 2015
were disputed. In the end, the country's constitutional
court annulled the parliamentary election after several
hundred complaints about irregularities were received.
countryaah, several of the candidates in the presidential election also
claimed that everything was not right, but after the
transitional government appealed for reflection, the
election result was accepted. This showed that two former
prime ministers, Anicet-Georges Dologuélé and
Faustin-Archange Touadéra, received the most votes and that
a second round of elections was required. This was held in
February. Although Dologuélé received the strongest support
in the first round, he had to be defeated by Touadéra, who
received 63% of the vote. Dologuélé accused his opponent of
cheating but the Constitutional Court rejected his petition
and Touadéra was able to resign at the end of March.
In February, in parallel with the presidential election,
the first round of elections to Parliament was held again.
The remaining members were elected in elections that could
be finalized at the end of March with supplementary
elections in May and June. Sixty of the 140 seats went to
independent candidates and no party gained more than 16
seats in the National Assembly.
Despite the success of the elections, the country
continued to be plagued by violence. The Ugandan rebel
movement The Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) carried out
several attacks and kidnapped a total of hundreds of people,
including many children. Since the movement was formed in
1987, the LRA has made itself known for robbing mainly
children to force them to become either soldiers or sex
slaves. In June, a spokesman for Uganda's defense announced
that the country intended to call home the Central African
Republic forces sent there to fight the LRA. Uganda pointed
out, among other things, that the promised support from
several other countries was absent.
French President François Hollande also announced in July
that the French forces still in the Central African Republic
would leave the country in October. France sent soldiers to
its former colony in 2013, when a military coup was followed
by bloody conflicts and political chaos. In contrast, the UN
Security Council extended the mandate of the peacekeeping
force MINUSCA to November 2017.
In October, hundreds of people demonstrated near the UN
office in the capital Bangui. Firearms broke out between
protesters and UN soldiers and four people lost their lives.
UN soldiers have previously been accused of, among other
things, sexual abuse against the civilian population. New
charges of rape came during the year. In June, the human
rights organization Human Rights Watch (HRW) published a
report in which Congolese UN soldiers were identified as
guilty of killing 18 people, including women and children,
in 2013 and 2015.
During the year, outbreaks of violence were reported in
mainly the northern parts of the country. Since 2013, the
country has been ravaged by a bloody conflict between
soldiers from the former rebel movement Séléka, associated
with the country's Muslim minority, and mainly Christian
militia groups under the name anti-balaka ("anti-machete").
In addition to a large number of dead, the fighting and the
numerous abuses against civilians have driven thousands of
people to flight, many of them to neighboring countries.
During the year, disputes also broke out between groups that
were previously part of Séléka. In November, some 80 people
were killed and more than 10,000 were forced to flee since
the People's Front of the Central African Republic's rebirth
(FPRC) and the Union of Peace in Central Africa (UPC)
collapsed. All the dead belonged to the Fulani people.
In March, Jean-Pierre Bemba, former Vice President of
Congo (Kinshasa), was convicted by the International
Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague for war crimes and crimes
against humanity committed in the Central African Republic
in 2002–03. Bemba had then sent soldiers, who were part of
the rebel movement he founded in the 1990s, to help
then-Central African President Ange-Félix Patassé defeat a
coup attempt. Bemba was sentenced to 18 years in prison.