Guinea Bissau. According to
countryaah, Guinea-Bissau underwent a prolonged
political crisis during the year. In January, 15 MPs were
expelled from the state-carrying African Independence Party
of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde (PAIGC), which also belongs
to President José Mário Vaz.
The reason was that by the end of 2015, politicians cast
their votes in a vote in Parliament, which resulted in one
of the government's legislative proposals falling. PAIGC
then tried to replace the members with other persons, a
measure that was rejected by the Supreme Court in May.
President Vaz dismissed the government just over a week
later, citing that Prime Minister Carlos Correira failed to
get through his politics in parliament.
Baciro Djá, who was prime minister for a short month, was
appointed as new prime minister in 2015. However, Vaz ended
up on a collision course with strong forces within PAIGC
which launched another candidate for the Prime Minister's
post. The President therefore had to rely on the support of
opposition politicians in the Social Renewal Party (PRS) and
from the 15 MPs who were excluded from PAIGC in January. The
act, which Correira called a constitutional coup, led to
protests outside the presidential palace and PAIGC refused
to recognize the appointment of the Djá.
Mediators from the West African collaborative
organization ECOWAS were called in and an agreement was
signed in September. The so-called roadmap meant, among
other things, that a collaborative government should be
formed with the task of governing the country for two years.
However, the implementation was delayed and in November,
Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, who was in
Guinea-Bissau as ECOWAS representative, called on the
parties to take action so that a prime minister and
government approved by Parliament could be appointed. In
connection with the ECOWAS delegation's visit to the
country, protesters demanded Vaz's resignation and that new
elections should be announced. Later that month, Vaz
disbanded the government and appointed Umaro Sissoco Embaló
as new prime minister, but PAIGCC refused to cooperate with
him as well.