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Yearbook 2016

Mauritania. In May, the country's president, Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, announced his intention to call a referendum on whether to abolish Parliament's House of Commons, the Senate. According to countryaah, the current population of Mauritania is 4,649,669. The Senate has 56 members who are elected indirectly for a term of six years. In its place was the idea that regional councils should be set up.

2016 Mauritania

A few days later, the opposition alliance National Forum for Democracy and Unity (FNDU) organized a demonstration against the proposal in the capital Nouakchott, in which several thousand people participated. Protests were also directed at a proposal by some government officials to amend the constitution so that President Abdel Aziz can stand in the 2019 presidential election. The president, who took power in a bloodless coup in 2008, has won two presidential elections (2009 and 2014) and promised on the second occasion that he would respect the restriction on two terms of office prescribed by the Constitution. In November, Abdel Aziz again assured him that it was not relevant for him to stand for a third term in the upcoming elections.

Mauritania Population

In June, violence erupted when residents in one of the capital's slums were evicted. The reason was that the land would be leased to other buildings. The area is mainly inhabited by people belonging to the population group of haratins, who have very low status. After clashes with the police, 13 anti-slavery activists were arrested. Although Amnesty International, among other things, demanded that the imprisoned activists be released, they were sentenced in August to between 3 and 15 years in prison for "use of force".

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