Moldova. According to
countryaah, the current population of Moldova is 4,033,974.
The political crisis from last year survived.
Moldova was without government, and when the parliament was
to appoint a new prime minister in January, the vote failed
because too many members were absent.
The Democratic Party (PDM) nominated the disputed
oligarch Vlad Plahotniuc as new head of government. This led
to protests, and President Nicolae Timofti rejected
Plahotniuc. The presidential office of the president was
proposed, but he withdrew his candidacy. Instead, Minister
of IT and Communications Pavel Filip, also from PDM, was
nominated and he was approved as head of government with 57
of Parliament's 101 seats.
Then the parliament was stormed by protesters who broke
through the police's barricades to protest the new
government. They demanded that the vote be annulled,
claiming that Philip and his government acted as agents for
Plahotniuc, considered Moldova's most powerful man and
accused of corruption.
In the background, there were disclosures in 2015 that
about $ 1 billion disappeared from the banking system
through corruption. Currency leu had fallen sharply and the
poor Moldavians were seeing their standard of living
The new government, which hoped to bring the country
closer to the EU, received a rescuing hand from the
International Monetary Fund (IMF), which resumed its loans
to Moldova during the year, including conditions for
But the protests continued with about 15,000 protesters
at the end of January. Opposition groups from Prorean and
pro-European parties did the same thing and demanded new
elections, despite the fact that the country has just
received its third government in less than a year.
In an opinion poll, nearly half responded that they did
not trust any of the country's leaders. Many felt that
Moldova's best chance was to unite with Romania;
historically, the two countries have come together.
Thousands of people demonstrated for this.
A remission from the government's critics came in March
when Parliament announced that the president should be
re-elected by the people. The Constitutional Court had
rejected the previous amendment to the Constitution which
gave Parliament a mandate to appoint the head of state.
Election of new president was announced until October.
In June, former Prime Minister Vlad Filat was sentenced
to nine years in prison on charges of responsibility in the
big banking scandal. Among other things, he was accused of
taking large bribes. Filat claimed innocence and said the
prosecution was political. Many people believed that the
real people responsible for the scandal were at large.
This fall's presidential election was mainly between the
Prorussian candidate, former Minister of Trade and Economy
Igor Dodon of the Socialist Party, and EU-friendly
government candidate Maia Sandu, former Minister of
Education and economist at the World Bank. Dodon won the
first round in October before Sandu, and in the decisive
round between the two in November, Igor Dodon won 52.3% of
the vote against 47.7% for Maia Sandu.
The loser claimed electoral fraud and her supporters
demonstrated in the capital. The winner Dodon tried to calm
the emotions by mitigating his statements from the electoral
movement about breaking the cooperation agreement with the
EU. He said that relations with the Russian Federation
should be improved without changing relations with the EU.