Pakistan. In January, 22 people were killed in a terror
attack against Bacha Khan University in the city of
Charsadda in northwestern Pakistan. The attack is said to
have been ordered by Khalifa Umar Mansoor, leader of the
Tariq Gidar Group, which is a branch of the Pakistani
Taliban movement. In a video, Mansoor motivated the attack
on the schools to educate future lawyers, officers and
parliamentarians who "challenge Allah's sovereignty".
In the northern Waziristan clan areas, in February, the
last phase of a military offensive against militant rebels
and Taliban began in the summer of 2014. According to
Pakistan Army Chief Raheel Sharif, the last terrorists would
be cleared from their hiding places deep in the forest.
During the attack, 34 Islamist insurgents and five soldiers
In the same month, Mumtaz Qadri was hanged for murdering
2011 Governor of Punjab Province Salman Taseer. Qadri worked
as the Governor's bodyguard when he shot him to death in a
market in the capital Islamabad. After the murder, Qadri was
hailed as a hero by radical Islamists, who believed that
Taseer deserved to die because he was opposed to the
country's harsh laws against blasphemy, including the death
penalty for blaspheming Islam.
countryaah, a short week later, at least ten people were killed in a
suicide attack outside a court in Charsadda. Pakistani
Taliban belonging to the Jamaat-ul-Ahrar group took up the
deed and stated that the attack was a revenge for the
execution of Mumtaz Qadri.
In March, over 70 people died and hundreds were injured
in a suicide attack against Christian Easter celebrants who
had gathered in a park in the city of Lahore in Punjab
province in eastern Pakistan. Of the dead, 29 were reported
to be children. Jamaat-ul-Ahrar took up the deed and said
the target was Christian, but also a message to Prime
Minister Nawaz Sharif that the Taliban had entered the
largest city in the Punjab region which had been relatively
spared from terrorist acts.
At the same time, thousands of Pakistanis in the capital
Islamabad demonstrated against the execution of Mumtaz Qadri.
According to analysts, the protests in Islamabad were
coordinated with the attack in Lahore and a "two-front
attack on the government". Following the terrorist attack in
Lahore, the authorities arrested more than 5,000 people, of
whom all but 216 suspects were later released.
During the spring months, Pakistan was subject to heavy
rainfall. Worst affected were the provinces of Baluchistan
in the southwest, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in the northwest and
parts of Kashmir in the northeast. A total of nearly 100
people died as a result of floods and landslides caused by
the heavy rainfall.
During the summer, honor-related violent crimes became
the subject of debate and became media attention even in
Sweden, not least after the 25-year-old internet celebrity
Qandeel Baloch, according to some Pakistan's response to Kim
Kardashian, was murdered by his cousin and brother because
of his statements in social media. Another described case
was a 16-year-old girl who was burned to death by her mother
after she escaped to marry a man she had chosen.
An influential Sunni Muslim group of legal scholars, the
Sunni Ittehad Council, after many noteworthy murders of
women, issued a fatwa against honor killings. "Burning women
alive because they married someone they themselves chose is
against the teachings of Islam," the council said, urging
the government to change the laws that "forgive" family
members to kill in honor. According to the Reuters news
agency, over 500 women die in honor-related crimes in
Pakistan each year. Most of the perpetrators are never
Pakistan's military and sources within the Pakistani
Taliban movement said in July that Taliban leader Khalifa
Umar Mansoor, also known as Umar Narai, was killed in a US
drone attack in Afghanistan. Mansoor has been accused of
being behind the school attack in Peshawar in 2014, when 150
people died, most of whom were children.
A suicide bomber triggered an explosive charge in August
in a hospital in the city of Quetta in Baluchistan. The
attack was directed at relatives and colleagues of the
chairman of the law firm Bilal Anwar Kasi, who had gathered
at the hospital's emergency department to mourn Kasi, who
was shot dead by unknown perpetrators just hours earlier. In
the explosion, more than 70 people were killed and more than
a hundred were injured. Both Jamaat-ul-Ahrar and the
terrorist group Islamic State (IS) took on the deed. After
the massacre, large parts of the country's lawyers boycotted
a whole day's court proceedings in protest.
Another bloody terrorist attack hit Quetta in October
when 63 people were killed and more than 119 injured in a
shootout against a police college. A spokesperson for the
militant group Lashkar-e-Jhangvi told the Reuters news
agency that, in collaboration with IS, they were behind the
deed. On the same month, Parliament passed a law which meant
that honor killers should be punished with life imprisonment
and not be pardoned by the victim's family.
In the autumn, tensions between the two nuclear powers
India and Pakistan increased with several violent clashes in
Kashmir. Ever since British India was divided into two
independent states in 1947, fighting over Kashmir has been
going on between the countries.