countryaah, the current population of Vietnam is 97,338,590.
A UN report in March showed that extreme drought
combined with rising sea levels had destroyed around 393,000
acres of rice in Vietnam. The UN feared that another 1.2
million acres of rice would be destroyed.
In the Mekong delta in the southern parts of the country,
the drought was the worst in 90 years. The water level was
historically low at the same time as rising sea levels
caused salt water to flow up on land, which destroyed the
cultivated land in the delta where more than half of the
country's rice and fruit are produced.
Even the Red River's participation in northern Vietnam
was affected by drought and rising sea levels, and almost
three-quarters of households went fishing instead of growing
In order to prevent the adverse effects of climate
change, a salt-resistant rice was introduced, and a huge
network of embankments and ditches along the coast began to
be planned. In parallel, the Vietnamese Ministry of
Agriculture and Development applied for the equivalent of US
$ 4.5 billion from the government for a large irrigation
system. The drought, partly caused by the weather phenomenon
of El Nińo, hit hard on the whole of South and Southeast
In April, Parliament elected Trân Qui Quang nominated by
the Communist Party as the country's new president. Trân Đại
Quang, who between 2011 and 2016 was minister responsible
for the country's police and security police, received 91.5%
of the votes of the members. Then Nguyen Xuân Ph迆c was
appointed new Prime Minister. He was the only eligible
candidate and, together with the President and Communist
Party leader Nguyen Phu Trong, constituted the country's new
During a three-day visit to Vietnam in May, US President
Barack Obama announced the lifting of the US arms embargo on
Vietnam. Obama emphasized that the decision was part of the
normalization of relations with Vietnam and had nothing to
do with the tense situation in the South China Sea.
Vietnam's President Trân Qui Quang praised the increased
security and trade exchanges with the United States and said
at a press conference that the former enemies were "now
friends". At the same time, an agreement was signed that US
aircraft manufacturer Boeing could sell 100 US passenger
planes to Vietnamese airline VietJet worth $ 11.3 billion.
A ruling in the Permanent Arbitration Court in The Hague
(PCA) in July ruled that China has no economic right to the
South China Sea, which according to the court should be
classified as international water. The sea is rich in fish
and is also believed to be rich in gas and oil. China, which
claims that 90% of the sea is Chinese, did not accept the
verdict, which judges said there was a risk of increased
tensions in the region, where China is in the process of
upgrading and significantly strengthening its position.
China is involved in several disputes with countries around
the South China Sea, including Vietnam.
In August, it was reported that Vietnam was secretly
arming the military in the South China Sea. However, the
information was denied by the Vietnamese Ministry of Foreign
Floods caused by heavy downpours in October killed at
least 25 people and over 240,000 homes were destroyed or