Colombia. After more than 50 years of civil war and almost four years of difficult negotiations in Havana, Cuba, a peace agreement was signed on September 26 between the government and the largest guerrilla organization FARC (Colombia’s revolutionary armed forces) in Cartagena. In addition to provisions on bilateral ceasefire, disarmament of the FARC and implementation of the agreement, the agreement also included agreements on the future political role of the FARC, compensation for the victims of the civil war and land reform. According to countryaah, the current population of Colombia is 50,882,902. The issue of land ownership in Colombia, where 1% of the population owns half of all land, has been one of the FARC’s most important goals of all years. The agreement also meant that FARC will receive three seats in Congress up to the 2018 election and guarantees for a total of ten seats after the 2018 and 2022 elections, regardless of its election results.
In the referendum on October 2, the peace agreement was voted down to many people’s shock by a marginal margin – 50.2% for the down side compared to 49.8% for the jas side. Above all, it was the agreement that one was facing, not the prospect of achieving peace in the country that has been waging war for decades, and three days later mass demonstrations for peace were held in all the major cities of the country. The election results also reflected the geography of the war. In coastal and border areas, where the war was most noticeable, support for the peace agreement was greatest – in the provinces of Chocó and Toribío, the jas side received more than 80% – while the big cities voted no with the exception of the capital Bogotá, where 56% voted yes. Neither President Juan Manuel Santos nor FARC: However, its leader Rodrigo “Timochenko” Londoño Echeverri let himself be defeated without a commitment to maintain the bilateral standstill and immediately launched new negotiations to reach a revised agreement. It was completed on November 12 and took into account many of the objections no page had before the referendum. The only one of the points that Noeside objected to that was not addressed in the new agreement was the one about the position of the FARC as a political party. Nor did the new agreement, unlike the original one, be submitted to the popular opinion in a referendum, but would be implemented immediately after the congressional approval. The only one of the points that Noeside objected to that was not addressed in the new agreement was the one about the position of the FARC as a political party. Nor did the new agreement, unlike the original one, be submitted to the popular opinion in a referendum, but would be implemented immediately after the congressional approval. The only one of the points that Noeside objected to that was not addressed in the new agreement was the one about the position of the FARC as a political party. Nor did the new agreement, unlike the original one, be submitted to the popular opinion in a referendum, but would be implemented immediately after the congressional approval.
Despite the peace agreement with the FARC, several clouds of concern remained, especially regarding the armed groups not covered by the agreement. Among them, both the remaining paramilitary forces and the second major left guerrilla ELN (National Liberation Army), with which separate peace talks were conducted with less success, carried out several armed attacks during the year. Still, towards the end of the year, the country was characterized by greater optimism than in a long time, and on October 7 – just a week after the referendum – the Norwegian Nobel Committee announced that President Santos was awarded this year’s Peace Prize for his peace efforts.
Coffee, bananas, sugar cane and emeralds
The fertile mountain slopes are excellent coffee – growing regions and coffee has officially been Colombia ‘s main export: the country has always been one of the world’ s five largest producers. Other articles sufficient for agricultural exports include bananas and sugar cane and cut flowers. Other types of “ornaments” are also exported: the country is one of the world’s leading producers of emeralds. But no doubt drugs bring the most currency into the country – albeit illegally – and it ends up in the hands of a few “barons”.
Under the leadership of Simon Bolivar for independence, the
Spanish conquerors established the Vice-Kingdom of New Granada, which included Venezuela and Panama in addition to present-day Colombia, and Bogotá as its capital. Independence from Spanish power was fought under the leadership of Simon Bolivar. In Colombian history, according to thereligionfaqs, internal disputes began between conservatives, ie supporters of the central government, and liberals, i.e. supporters of the federal government. The discord often escalated into bloody battles and eventually civil war, (La Violencia, 1948–1957). It was not until the military intervention in 1953 that the situation calmed down and an agreement was reached that the leadership of the state would be elected alternately from both fronts.
Bogotá – Baroque architecture and skyscrapers
Capital Bogota is located two and a half miles above the Earth and is a blend of colonial-term baroque architecture and modern skyscrapers. The visitor is sure to enjoy the treasures of the Gold Museum. Another great city on the Caribbean coast is picturesque Cartagena. It is known for its mid-16th century buildings and past as a storage city for gold grabbed by the Spaniards, which also attracted pirates. Medellín, northwest of Bogotá, is the hometown of drug cartels. The same stamp may be carried in the south by the city of Cal, although these controversial figures on the glory of the country’s second city are united by another article on world trade – namely coffee.