Jordan. The war in Syria continued to cast its shadow over Jordan. King Abdullah said in February that Jordan was threatened with collapse. Approximately 1.4 million Syrian refugees were in Jordan, of which just under half were registered by the UN and thus entitled to food vouchers, emergency medical care and housing allowances. Of the others, many lived in illegal settlements and lived under slave-like conditions. The king appealed for increased assistance from the western countries to deal with the situation.
According to countryaah, the current population of Jordan is 10,203,145. The refugee crisis also caused unrest at the border with Syria. In January, twelve people were killed in a firefight since they tried to cross the border. They were supposed to be smugglers; the military seized 2 million pills with the captagon amphetamine-like preparation. Only a few dozen refugees were released across the border daily, after careful security checks, as authorities feared that extremist Islamists would try to enter Jordan.
The number of refugees stuck at the border continued to increase, reaching around 50,000 in June. Then a suicide bomber struck and killed six soldiers in a deed taken by the Islamic State (IS) terrorist sect. As a result, according to thereligionfaqs, Jordan completely closed the border and aid deliveries were no longer released. During the fall, Amnesty International, among others, alerted about terrible conditions in the no man’s land that has arisen in the desert at the border and which Jordan called a military zone. Only in November was the UN able to resume aid broadcasts to the then 85,000 refugees.
A major armed attack also occurred in December in Karak, in central Jordan. Seven police officers and three civilians, including a Canadian tourist, were shot dead by perpetrators who then entrenched themselves in the city’s crusader castle but were later killed. IS took on the deed.
Before the parliamentary elections in September, the electoral law was changed; the number of seats decreased and proportional elections were introduced. As a result, the largest opposition party, the Islamic Action Front (IAF), decided to participate for the first time since 2007. The IAF was allowed to be active despite being considered a political branch by the banned Muslim Brotherhood.
In the elections, royal candidates retained the majority of seats. The IAF was part of an alliance with Christian candidates who received a total of 15 of the 130 seats. The king commissioned Hani al-Mulki, who previously held several ministerial posts, to form government.
HUMAN AND ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY
Southwestern Asian state. The population continues to grow at a rapid pace, despite a certain slowdown (3.7 % per year in the period 1992-1997 ; 2.7 % in the period 2000-2005), and, if at the 1994 census it counted 4,095,579 residents, at a 2005 estimate it exceeded 5.7 million. This contributes to a rather high birth rate (22 ‰ in 2005) and a positive migratory balance (+ 6.4 ‰), while mortality (2.6 ‰) and infant mortality (17.3‰). Furthermore, the presence of Palestinian refugees is very significant (just under 2 million).
The process of liberalization of the economy continued in the early years of the 21st century. and, even without mineral resources, Jordan has made important economic progress, thanks also to the climate of relative stability that distinguishes it within a politically turbulent region. The modernization phase has led the country to integrate effectively into world trade. Many businesses have been privatized, and profits have been partly used to reduce debt. Overall, the country has positive economic indicators: growth remained high (4.1 % per year in the period 1995-2004) and inflation remained under control. The problems that remain to be solved concern poverty, which is still too widespread, unemployment and the need to create new activities for young people who approach the labor market every year. Over half of the financing for the economic plans is provided by foreign aid: in 2003, Jordan received a total of about 900 million dollars, 700 of which from the United States.
Unlike its neighboring countries, Jordan has few reserves of hydrocarbons, and consequently in this field it totally depends on external supplies: until the war of 2003, Iraq ensured the satisfaction of almost all of its oil demand at a fixed rate. privileged. The fall of the Ṣ regime. Ḥusayn has put an end to this type of facilitation and ̔Ammān’s government must find an alternative source for oil imports.