Luxembourg. According to countryaah, the current population of Luxembourg is 625,989. Prime Minister Xavier Bettel at a meeting with his French colleague Manuel Valls in April offered a grant with the funding to close the 30-year-old Cattenom nuclear power plant near the border between the countries. According to Bettel, an accident at Cattenom could wipe out the whole of Luxembourg.
In the so-called Luxleaks scandal, convictions came against three Frenchmen charged with revealing that the Grand Duchy helped over 300 multinational corporations avoid tax in other countries. Two former employees of the audit firm PWC were given nine and twelve months’ imprisonment on condition, while a journalist was released. The judges were appealed and a new trial was ongoing at the end of the year.
According to thereligionfaqs, Luxembourg City, is the capital of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and the headquarters of several EU institutions, such as the European Court of Justice, the European Investment Bank, the Court of Auditors and the Secretariat of the European Parliament; 76,420 residents (2005). The city attracts many tourists. Extensive restoration of the city’s old neighborhoods and the many bank headquarters contributes to a sense of prosperity. The old city and the remains of the fortress were added to UNESCO’s Cultural Heritage List in 1994. Luxembourg is 2007 as the first EU city for the second time designated as European Capital of Culture; the first time was in 1995. The theme of mobility and exchange of ideas across borders is unfolding in a region of over 11 million. which extends into Lorraine, Wallonia, German-speaking Belgium, Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate.
The city lies on several plateaus separated by deep gorges with the rivers Alzette and Petrusse. The Pont Adolphe bridge connects the center with newer neighborhoods in the south, while the 335 m long Pont Grande Duchesse Charlotte bridge leads east to the Kirchberg Plateau with the European institutions. In the canyons lie the districts of Pfaffenthal, Clausen and Grund. In the rocks are built casemates, 21 km underground corridors, which are the remains of an extensive fortification, mainly from the 1600’s. In the city center is Notre Dame Cathedral and Baroque Saint Michel, both from the 1600’s. The grand ducal mansion in the Spanish Renaissance style from the 1500’s. was originally town hall. After expansion in 1800-t. In addition to the residence, it also holds the Chamber of Deputies.
The city has some industry and is a traffic hub with international airport. There are also several cultural institutions and the commercial radio and television station RTL, which has international reach. The European institutions and the city’s function as an international banking and financial center have meant that foreigners make up more than half the population.
Luxembourg is first mentioned in 963 as the castle of Lucilinburhuc, situated on a cliff above Alzette. This castle was at the heart of the county, later the Duchy of Luxembourg. From the mid-1400-t. the fortress of Luxembourg was an important part of the defense of the southern Netherlands against France. In the years 1684-97, the French held Luxembourg after conquering the city, and the fortress was expanded by Louis 14’s engineer Vauban. 1815-67 a Prussian garrison sat in the fortress of Luxembourg, after which it was loosened.