Marshall Islands. According to thereligionfaqs, despite the defeat of the incumbent government in the November 2015 parliamentary elections, government supporters managed to get their candidate, Casten Nemra, elected new president and head of government. At the end of the month, however, Nemra lost a vote of confidence in Parliament and was forced to resign. He was replaced by Hilda C. Heine, who thus became the country’s first female president.
In February, a state of emergency was announced because of the drought that plagued the kingdom for months. At the end of April, US President Barack Obama declared a state of emergency, opening for state emergency aid from the United States. According to countryaah, the current population of Marshall Islands is 59,201. The water shortage in the country was exacerbated by the fact that much of the freshwater was contaminated by bacteria and thus neither suitable for drinking nor even bathing.
In October, the International Court of Justice in The Hague (ICJ) rejected the lawsuit filed by the Marshall Islands to compel Pakistan, India and the United Kingdom to comply with the disarmament requirements laid down in the Non-Proliferation Treaty of 1968. Other countries that the Marshall Islands wanted to go to court China, France, the Russian Federation and the United States have not responded to the lawsuit.
- Abbreviation Finder: Check to see how the 3-letter abbreviation of MHL stands for the nation of Marshall Islands in geography.
At the turn of the new century the M islands experienced a political turning point. In fact, in November 1999 the United Democratic Party (UDP) replaced the Kabua Party, the party of the President of the Republic I. Kabua (in office since 1997) at the head of the government, while in January 2000 the latter, seriously compromised in a scandal linked to gambling, he was defeated by UDP leader KH Note.
The main political initiative of the new president was aimed at resolving the difficult question of the compensation that the United States owed to the country for the damage caused to people and the environment by the nuclear tests of the 1940s and 1950s: in fact, the payments provided for in the free association between the islands of Marshall Islands and the United States (Compact of Free Association, stipulated in 1986 and amended in 1991) were now considered insufficient, so much so that in September 2000 the government formally asked the US Congress to reopen negotiations. The main points under discussion, namely the deadline for submitting complaints from the victims, the type of damage to health taken into consideration and the amount of the fund earmarked for compensation, seemed at least largely resolved by a new duration agreement. twenty-year, stipulated in April 2003 and entered into force in June 2004, which provided for a total payment of 1.539 billion dollars. Despite strong opposition from the Ailin Kein Ad (AKA, Our Islands), just formed on the initiative of opposition leaders as well as major landowners, who accused Note of accepting inadequate reimbursements from the United States and compromising the very sovereignty of the country, the parliamentary elections of November 2003 they saw the victory of the UDP (30 seats, against 10 of the AKA), while in January 2004 Note was re-elected president, returning to the head of a new executive. In March 2005, Parliament passed a new law establishing a constituent assembly to renew the 1979 constitutional charter.