Mauritius 2016

Yearbook 2016

Mauritius. In March, Prime Minister Anerood Jugnauth announced that Finance Minister Vishnu Lutchmeenaraido has expressed a desire to leave his office for health reasons. According to countryaah, the current population of Mauritius is 1,271,779. Lutchmeenaraido was said to suffer from fatigue syndrome due to excessive workload. Jugnauth temporarily took over the post of finance minister, while Lutchmeenaraido was appointed new foreign minister instead.

Mauritius Population 2016

In May, the Prime Minister gave responsibility for the Ministry of Finance to his son, Pravind Jugnauth. He has previously been Minister of Finance 2003–05 and 2009–11, and Minister responsible for, among other things, technology and communication 2014–15. Pravind Jugnauth was allowed to leave the post of finance minister in 2011 after being accused and sentenced to court for having participated in a decision to buy, by public funds, a private hospital in which his sister was a partner. On the same day that he was again appointed by the father to the Minister of Finance, Pravind Jugnauth was released from the criminal charges by the Supreme Court.

According to thereligionfaqs, in February, Mauritius and Seychelles agreed to set up a joint headquarters with the task of handling issues related to the Maskarenska ridge underwater plateau in the Indian Ocean. The countries also agreed to hold a ministerial-level meeting for the first time on the plateau issue.

Mauritius Island state of the Indian Ocean. Located E of Madagascar, in the Mascarene archipelago, it includes, in addition to the island of the same name, the Rodrigues and Agalega islands and the Cargados Carajos group.

Physical characteristics

The island is characterized by numerous volcanic systems which have long been inactive and largely destroyed by surface erosion; it is characterized by some reliefs (pitons) which, with an altitude close to 800 m, surround a vast internal plateau. The coasts are generally high and fringed by coral reefs; there are some vast bays, including to the NW the one where the capital is located. Located in the intertropical belt, the island has a humid tropical climate, with almost constant and high temperatures (26-27 ° C), especially in the coastal area. The rains prevail in the summer season (October to April). There are numerous and short watercourses, the flow of which varies in relation to the frequency and intensity of the rains. The eucalyptus and conifer woods are extended, as well as several palms such as the traveller’s tree, the result of intense reforestation (the forest covers about 30% of the territory); some species of animals, such as birds without wings, have now disappeared.

Population

Uninhabited upon the arrival of the first Europeans (Portuguese), the island was later colonized by the Dutch, French and English. The current ethnic composition of the population is affected by historical events: the element of Indian origin prevails (67%), introduced by the British for work in the plantations, followed by the Creoles (27.4%) and the Chinese (3%) ; moreover, there are many mestizos, derived from crosses between the previous groups and the Africans (slaves during the French domination). The population which has grown rapidly over the centuries, mainly due to immigration, has continued to increase, albeit at a slower pace; the death rate (7%) is among the lowest on the continent.

The Hindu religion prevails (50.9%), followed by Christians (Catholics and Protestants, about 27.1%) and Muslims (16.1%).

Economic conditions

Agriculture is mainly based on the cultivation of sugar cane (with a production that varies between 500,000 and 600,000 tons per year). In the program of diversification of the agricultural production framework, the cultivation of tea, vanilla, tobacco, sansevieria (from which a textile fiber is obtained) and coffee have been intensified. Food crops (corn, potatoes, sweet potatoes, cassava, tomatoes, peanuts, bananas) are also expanding, but are not sufficient to cover the growing local needs. The subsoil is devoid of resources; hydroelectric potential and the fuels obtained as sugar by-products are exploited to produce electricity. The industrial sectors of clothing, footwear, food (sugar, molasses, rum, beer), precision mechanics (watches) and electronics are active.export processing zones), where companies, many with foreign capital, benefit from tax and customs concessions. Tourism (788,276 visitors in 2006) has been steadily increasing since the mid-1980s.