According to thereligionfaqs, Mexico narrows like a funnel into a Central American isthmus to connect the northern and southern parts of America. The country’s colorful culture reflects the encounter between two different worlds five hundred years ago. For centuries, the fertile plains had attracted Native Americans from the Olmec to the Aztecs.
Further east on the Yucatan Peninsula was influenced by Mayan high culture. Prosperous big cities had been born, whose treasures, especially gold, attracted conquistadors from Spain in the wake of Columbus. The Catholic Church brought its own God alongside the Jaguar God and the Feathered Serpent, and the Spanish language took the place of the Nahuatl and the Maya languages.
The encounter of two different worlds gave rise to a new culture of mastery. Mexican cuisine has also become very popular outside the country.
Mexico. As part of the fight against organized crime, the authorities succeeded on January 8 to seize the country’s most well-known and most wanted criminal Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán Loera, leader of the Sinaloa cartel and who, during embarrassingly spectacular forms, fled from a high security prison in July 2015, in Los Mochis. the state of Sinaloa.
At the same time, violence increased significantly during the year, despite President Enrique Peña Nieto’s assurances to the contrary. Fears increased for escalating violence, especially in the states of Jalisco and Veracruz. Particularly noteworthy was the announcement in August that “El Chapos” son Jesús Alfredo Guzmán Salazar along with six other men were kidnapped by a rival league in Puerto Vallarta in the state of Jalisco. The state of Guerrero was particularly affected. In the course of a weekend in November, 26 people were murdered and ten were kidnapped as a result of wars between various drug gangs. A similar murder wave occurred in early August with 24 dead, eleven of them in the capital and the tourist resort of Acapulco, which is now ranked as the world’s fourth most violent city. The number of murders in Guerrero during the first ten months of the year amounted to 1,832. Guerrero Governor Héctor Astudillo advocated that opium poppies should be legalized to reduce drug-related violence. About 60% of Mexico’s opium poppy production takes place in Guerrero.
According to countryaah, the current population of Mexico is 128,932,764. The government’s failure to cope with crime and corruption undermined the confidence of President Peña Nieto. In August, opinion polls showed that 76% of those surveyed felt the country was on the wrong path under his leadership. In addition to the discontent with the security situation, a bill on legalizing same-sex marriage caused protests by conservative groups with tens of thousands of participants across the country in early September. In June, thousands of teachers also protested against the government’s education policy, and eight people were killed in clashes between protesters and police in the state of Oaxaca.
The opinion was reflected in the state elections in twelve of the country’s states on June 5. The Governing Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) lost six of nine governor posts, while the Opposition National Action Party (PAN) won seven, three of which were in coalition with the Democratic Revolutionary Party (PRD). PRI’s losses in Veracruz, Tamaulipas, Durango and Quintana Roo were particularly spectacular as the states have been ruled continuously by the party for 90 years. A similar pattern was seen in the elections to the state congresses and mayor posts held at the same time.
The election of Donald Trump to US President November 8 put hard pressure on the Mexican currency, which fell by 13% against the dollar in one day. The fears were that Trump’s protectionist rhetoric during the election campaign would lead to less trade and renegotiation of the NAFTA Free Trade Agreement, which, in addition to the United States and Mexico, also includes Canada.