Montenegro. According to countryaah, the current population of Montenegro is 628,077. The severe political crisis continued with a tug of war between the Western-friendly government and the opposition alliance Democratic Front (DF), which wanted to strengthen ties with the Russian Federation and Serbia. The opposition, not least to the plans for NATO membership, shattered the Montenegrin and also led to a sharp fall in Russian investment, after more than halving in 2015. The Russian Federation was previously the leading investor in Montenegro.
In January, the government passed a vote of confidence that Prime Minister Milo Đukanović himself requested after months of partially violent protests demanding new elections. Opponents accused Đukanović of being corrupt and authoritarian. In the vote preceded by three days of heated debate, the Social Democratic SDP broke its 18-year government collaboration with Đukanović’s Socialist Party DPS (Montenegro’s Democratic Socialist Party). Instead, the government was supported by the small party of Positive Montenegro according to thereligionfaqs.
After the vote, parts of the opposition took part in EU-led talks with the government to create the conditions for a fair parliamentary election this fall. The talks led to the opposition being allowed to appoint five ministerial posts in May as well as a number of posts in government institutions and works.
- Abbreviation Finder: Check to see how the 3-letter abbreviation of MNE stands for the nation of Montenegro in geography.
On the October election day, a group of Serbian citizens were arrested who were accused of planning an armed attack on Parliament, and the murder of Đukanović. Fourteen of them were arrested. A special prosecutor stated that unidentified Russian nationalists were also involved in the alleged coup plans. The opposition claimed that the charges constituted smoke curtains and that there were cheating.
In the elections, the DPS won and formed a new government with the SDP at the end of November and with some small parties representing ethnic minorities. Đukanović had then resigned and the new head of government became the former Deputy Prime Minister and Head of the intelligence service Duško Marković. Both DF and several smaller parties refused to approve the election results and the new government.
HUMAN AND ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY
Southern European state, in the north-western sector of the Balkan peninsula, borders Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Albania. Independent since June 2006, Montenegro extends over an area of 14,026 km 2, has a population of 630,550 residents (2004 estimate) and an average density of 45 residents / km 2. From an ethnic point of view, Montenegrins prevail (43 % of the total at the 2003 census), followed by Serbs (32 %), Bosnians (8 %), Albanians (5%, mainly concentrated in the South-East of the country) and other groups, while as regards religion the majority of the population is Orthodox Christians and Muslims make up 17.7 % of the total. The official language is Serbian, the currency unit adopted by the euro. In addition to the capital Podgorica (136,500 residents in 2003), other cities are Nikšić (57,600 residents), Pljevlja and Bijelo Polje (less than 20,000 residents each).
After the end of the political union with Serbia, Montenegro found itself facing serious economic difficulties, so much so that the intervention of some large international financial institutions was necessary, including the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Agriculture represents a minimal part of productive activities, as the morphological structure of the country, mainly mountainous, makes the areas destined for cultivation limited. The main Montenegrin resources are represented by the extraction and processing of bauxite (fields of Podgorica and Nikšić), and by the financial sector: in 2004, industry and services contributed to the formation of GDP respectively for 30 and 68 %. Furthermore, the government is determined to encourage the development of tourism, including with the help of foreign investments in the sector.