Mozambique. According to countryaah, the current population of Mozambique is 31,255,446. The violence that erupted in 2015 between government forces and the former rebel movement Renamo continued in early 2016, causing a wave of refugees from Mozambique to neighboring Malawi. According to UN data, in March, around 10,000 Mozambicans had moved across the border since mid-December. In March, police said that in a strike against Renamol leader Afonso Dhlakama’s home, 47 weapons were found used in various violent crimes in the capital Maputo.
In August, the government and Renamo sat down again at the negotiating table to try to reach a new peace settlement with the help of international mediators. One of Renamo’s demands was that former guerrilla soldiers should be placed in the regular army or within the police, which was included in the peace agreement signed in 1992. In parallel with the negotiations, violence continued in the country. In the middle of the month, information was released saying that a special committee would be formed with the task of drafting a law on decentralization of power. In early October, the dialogue between the political opponents was interrupted when Jeremias Pondeca, one of Renamo’s negotiators, was shot dead during a run in the capital. The murder was condemned by President Filipe Nyusi and negotiations resumed just over a week later.
In April, it was revealed that Mozambique had unrecognized loans totaling US $ 1.4 billion. This caused the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to suspend the payment of an aid package to the country totaling US $ 283 million as knowledge of the “hidden” debt meant that the country’s future economic development must be assessed in a different way. According to the government, the loans had been taken to finance efforts against pirates that threatened shipping, shipyards and gas deposits at sea. According to thereligionfaqs, the World Bank also responded to the data by stopping planned payments to Mozambique. According to Prime Minister Carlos Agostinho do Rosário, the reason why the government kept quiet about the extensive debts was the labile security situation with repeated clashes between the army and Renamo’s forces. According to the IMF, the country’s national debt at the end of 2015 was equivalent to 86% of GDP. During the year, the local currency metically declined sharply in value and the inflation rate increased, while the economic growth rate was expected to decline.
Demography and economic geography. – State of Southeast Africa. With an annual growth of 2.5% (2010-15), 68% of the population (26,472,977 residents, according to an estimate by UNDESA, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, in 2014) lives in rural areas. The main cities are the capital, Maputo (1,174,000 residents), Matola (899,000 residents) And Nampula (624,000 residents). Poverty is widespread, especially in rural areas: per capita GDP at purchasing power parity (PPA) is $ 1123 (2014), life expectancy of 50.3 years (2013), literacy at 50, 6% (2009, UNESCO), while 1,600,000 sufferers of AIDS / HIV (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome / Human Immunodeficiency Virus), 5th place in the world. However, Mozambique (178th place in the Human Development Index) is today among the most dynamic African economies, with GDP growth of 8.3% (2014), strong expansion of foreign investments (mining and energy sector) and in the sector of large infrastructures, services and communications. Important are the extraction of coal, aluminum and natural gas and the deposits of resources, such as titanium, diamonds, gold. Agriculture (70% of workers) and tourism suffer from the negative repercussions deriving from the recurrent floods.