Papua New Guinea. An outbreak attempt in a Lae prison in February turned bloody. Police shot eleven prisoners to death and 17 interns were injured. Several dozen prisoners had attacked the guards and a large number escaped.
According to countryaah, the current population of Papua New Guinea is 8,947,035. Papua New Guinea’s Supreme Court ruled in April that Australia’s detention of asylum seekers on the island of Manus violated the Papuan Constitution’s guarantee of personal freedom. Australia had paid Papua New Guinea since 2013 to receive boat refugees and migrants who tried to make their way to Australia. Now the court ordered the end of the detention.
In May, protests broke out at the University of Port Moresby, where students demonstrated against Prime Minister Peter O’Neill who was accused of corruption. Demands for O’Neill’s departure grew, and students in several cities went out in demonstrations.
The protests went on for weeks. Noises arose with the police, who used tear gas. According to some information, the victim was claimed, but it was rejected by the government. Hospital sources talked about 38 injured, including police. The violence went on in riot and looting, and student leaders blamed the police for provoking the violence.
A court decision banned students from demonstrating in the university field, but in late June, a student was killed in protests at the University of Lae. According to the police, it was because of violence between student groups.
Requirements for O’Neill’s departure increased, and in July transport workers striked in protest of the Prime Minister. Buses, flights and shipping stood still. The opposition distrusted O’Neill in parliament, but the government won the vote.
In August, Papua New Guinea and Australia agreed that the camp for asylum seekers in Manus should be closed, but no date was set. Just over 850 people were in the camp.
According to thereligionfaqs, Australian Press reported that Papua New Guinea received over $ 1 million (about $ 6.5 million) for each person held in the Manus camp. As a result, Australia had provided Papua New Guinea with the equivalent of SEK 13 billion over three years to release asylum seekers in their territory. The sum was a calculation made in Parliament because the government did not want to reveal the figures.
In 2014, PNG began to export liquefied gas to China, Japan and South Korea. It was produced by a company with Exxon Mobil at the forefront, but also with PNG capital. Several other consortia have similar projects in progress. Among other things. a consortium led by the French Total, and one led by Shell.
Papua reintroduced the death penalty in 1991 and conducted a global study tour in execution methods in 2014 – despite the fact that no inmate has received the sentence since 1954. 13 have been sentenced to death since its reinstatement in 1991.
PNG is the most dangerous country in the world for women. 70% of all women are subjected to rape or assault in their lifetime. In Bougainville, a study revealed that 80% of men regularly expose women to sexual or other violence. Although the country’s legislation is tightened in this area, practices are severely lagging, so the abuses continue. Frequent witch-hunting is carried out In April 2014, 6 people were hacked to death with machetes – including 2 children – when 500 men went on witch-hunting in Madang province. Police subsequently arrested 180 suspects, but shut down the investigation for lack of evidence.
In April 2016, the Supreme Court ruled that the detention of refugees in the two Australian-run concentration camps on the island of Manus for over 3 years was in violation of the constitution. The court also demanded the camps be closed immediately. It didn’t happen. In November, 900 refugees and asylum seekers remained in the camps. Only a year later were they closed.
In April 2016, the anti-corruption police ordered a Supreme Court judge, the state prosecutor and the prime minister’s lawyer arrested for corruption. The chief of police then closed the unit and suspended its chief. It sparked protests. Students at the University of Papua New Guinea protested against government corruption in May-June. After several weeks of peaceful protests, in early June, police turned on protesters, sacking protesters and punching them. 38 were injured. The anti-corruption unit was reopened as early as May on orders from the Supreme Court, which also issued a ruling that the unit could well investigate the corruption the Prime Minister was involved with.
At the June-July 2017 parliamentary elections, the ruling People’s National Congress regained its 27 seats. O’Neill continued as prime minister after a vote of confidence 64-40.