Paraguay. According to countryaah, the current population of Paraguay is 7,132,549. President Horacio Carte’s plans to bring about a change in the country’s constitution for the 2018 presidential election so that re-election of a sitting president seemed possible to fail when Congress voted against such a proposal in late August.
However, Cartes went on to announce at the end of October that he and his National Republican Organization-Colorado Party (ANR-PC) party would instead convene a Constituent Assembly to write a whole new constitution. The project was not only met by opposition from the opposition, but also divided Cartes own government party ANR-PC, but at a party convention October 20, Cartes supporters won a vote on the issue.
The low-intensity war against the guerrilla group EPP (Ejército del Pueblo Paraguayo) came into focus after a military police patrol car was detonated by a road bomb near the town of Horqueta in the province of Concepción in the north, killing eight soldiers. It was the deadliest attack to date by the EPP, and President Cartes was forced to replace Interior Minister Francisco de Vargas as a consequence of the act. Prior to that, the head of the military police Martín Cáceres had been forced to resign after a young man belonging to the small German-murdered Mennonite colony Río Verde was kidnapped by the EPP in late July. Overall, the authorities were criticized for not being able to guarantee the safety of residents in the northern provinces where the EPP has been active for several years.
Education Minister Marta Lafuente was also forced to resign after several days of student protests against her in early May. The students occupied more than 100 schools across the country and demanded her resignation to stand up to charges of corruption.
According to thereligionfaqs, a fire in Paraguay’s largest prison in Tacumbú in June, when five prisoners died, focused on the problems of overcrowding and substandard infrastructure in the country’s prisons. At Tacumbú, which seats 1,500 people, 4,000 prisoners were seated at the present time. Strong criticism was directed at the authorities, in particular against Justice Minister Carla Bacigalupo, who was accused of having done nothing to improve the quality of the country’s prisons since taking office in January.
The territory and the society of the Paraguay appear to be characterized by the imbalances and contradictions that are typical of the countries set out on the path of development after a tormented history whose events have been conditioned by a series of dictatorial governments. Only in 1993, after almost forty years of military domination, was a civil government installed at the helm of the country, which is attempting to initiate a policy of restructuring and democratization of institutions and social life, also opening up to economic liberalism.
The population has grown considerably in recent years, going – between 1992 and 1998 – by 4, 2 to 5, 2 million. The annual increase, still very high, is due to the high birth rate, the low mortality rate, and a declining but still considerable infant mortality rate (23 ‰). The distribution of the population shows a region of greater density, coinciding with the central-eastern areas and the course of the Paraguay river, which is counterpointed by the western territory (the Chaco) which, extending over about 60 % of the country with a population of only 100.000 residents (and an average density of 0, 4 residents / km ²), in fact it is depopulated.
The urbanization rate is far from the high values prevailing in South America, even if it has greatly increased in recent years: the urban population now largely exceeds 50 % of the total, and it is expected that in the next few years its growth rate will stabilize. on average on 4 %. The capital, Asunción (546,600 residents In 1994 and about 1. 000. 000 in the metropolitan area), it dominates the weak urban network, where only Ciudad del Este, in the Upper Parana, and in fact conurbati centers Asunción exceed 100,000 residents. Asunción is also the main air port and the fundamental river port for the commercial traffic of the Paraguay, which largely uses the Paraguay and Paraná rivers.