Yearbook 2016

Peru. The current population of Peru is 32,971,865. The second round of the presidential election on June 5 became the smoothest in Peru’s history, and when the votes were finalized it was clear that Pedro Pablo Kuczynski of Peruvians for Change (PPK) won over main competitor Keiko Fujimori from the right-wing People’s Force (FP).

Peru Population 2016

The margin was smallest (50.1% of the votes cast), but Fujimori still won 14 of the country’s 25 electoral districts. The election campaign was noticeably calm and the election results were quickly accepted by Fujimori. Of particular importance to Kuczynski were the victors of Peru’s second and third largest regions of Piura and La Libertad in the north, and especially the capital Lima, where more than a third of the country’s voters live. In several important regions in the south, his victory was considered to have been founded through the left candidate Verónika Mendosa’s results in the first round of elections in April. There he could also expect a massive resistance to Fujimori. Symptomatic of the small margins was the result in the Pasco region, where Kuczynski won with only three of a total of 128 577 votes.

In the congressional election, things went much worse for Kuczynski’s party. Fujimori’s FP got a two-thirds majority in Congress, while PPK only got 18 seats. In addition, Verónika Mendoza stated that her party the Broad Front (FA) will not blindly support him. Fujimori also made it clear that her party would take advantage of the takeover in Congress, and during Kuczynski’s reconciliation-filled installation speeches before the Congress on July 28, FP members demonstratively refused to applaud.

Already in August, Kuczynski’s Prime Minister Fernando Zavala was also subjected to a distrustful vote in Congress, which he did, however. Also, it was not long before the first corruption scandal broke out in the health sector, and Congress approved special powers for the president for 90 days to address the problems of corruption within the administrative apparatus. Ironically, Fujimori’s own party was plagued by corruption suspicions when party secretary Joaquín Ramírez became the subject of an investigation into drug crimes in the midst of the election campaign. Fujimori’s own father, the deeply unpopular Alberto Fujimori, was notorious for corruption during his time as president (1990–2000).

The contemporary history of Peru

By the turn of the 2000s, President Alberto Fujimori had essentially succeeded in fighting the guerrilla ” Luminous Path, ” but his authoritarian regime had become increasingly unpopular. The Fujimori regime ended in 2000 when the president was ousted and fled to Japan. After a brief transition regime, Alejandro Toledo was elected president in 2001. Peru entered a new era marked by both political liberalization and economic boom.

According to thereligionfaqs, since 2000, Peru has experienced economic growth due to high prices of minerals in the world market and extensive investments in production and infrastructure. In the period 2005–2015, the economy grew an average of six percent annually. Despite higher incomes and progress in poverty reduction since the end of the 2000s, poverty remains a reality for millions of Peruvians. The legacy of many years of civil war and Fujimori’s mismanagement still characterize the political landscape of the country.

Social Democrat Alan García made a startling comeback in 2006, 16 years after leaving the presidential office under hyperinflation and chaos. He was succeeded by left-wing populist Ollanta Humala in 2011 and right-wing politician Pedro Pablo Kuczynski in 2016. Kuczynski canceled his mandate in 2018 amid a political crisis linked to abuse of power, corruption and the Brazilian company Odebrecht.