Philippines. According to countryaah, the current population of Philippines is 109,581,089. About 20 people were killed during the run-up to the presidential election in May, including seven in ambush on election day itself. Five candidates ran in the election, but the result was a clear victory for Rodrigo Duterte, candidate for the PDP-Laban party. Duterte got 39% of the vote against 23% for Mar Roxas who came in second place. Roxas was a candidate for outgoing President Benigno Aquino’s Liberal Party; Aquino himself was hindered by the constitution to set up. In the separate vice presidential election, Leni Robredo, candidate for the Liberal Party, who also became the largest in the congressional election, won. However, a majority of the Liberals in Congress went to Duterte’s party months after the election.
Duterte was contentious even before the election. As mayor of Davao in the south, he had made himself known for rough language and hard nips. But he was also popular when crime in the city decreased significantly and prosperity increased. Duterte advocated a federal state law and wanted to reinstate the death penalty, which was abolished in 2006. He also promised a tough campaign against drug trafficking – including murders of suspected drug dealers and other “crooks”.
It turned out that the new president was serious about his threats. As early as four months after his entry at the turn of the year, 1,800 people were reported to have been shot dead by police and 2,600 killed by unidentified perpetrators, according to official statistics. Duterte triggered a flood of criticism in the outside world for indiscriminate violence and violations of human rights. Duterte also aroused dismay with threatening statements and vulgar language; He called, among other things, the Pope and US President Barack Obama “horns” and stated that he personally killed the suspected criminal and abused a drug-classed drug for pain relief. Despite this, his popularity figures remained high.
According to thereligionfaqs, many Filipinos were upset when Duterte advocated burial at a national “heroes” cemetery for the ex-dictator Ferdinand Marcos, who was toppled in a popular uprising in 1986 and died three years later. The decision was appealed, but when the Supreme Court in November gave the go-ahead, the family acted quickly and flew the remains to Manila, where Marcos was buried with military honors. Duterte had received campaign funding from the Marcos family.
In July, the Permanent Arbitration Court (PCA) in The Hague gave the Philippines the right to conflict with China over the border demarcation in the South China Sea, where the countries ended up in a confrontation in 2012. China categorically rejected the arbitration, but with the change of government in the Philippines, the dispute still appeared to be settled. Duterte visited China in October to discuss increased trade and better dialogue, and shortly thereafter, Filipino fishermen were allowed to return to the Scarborough Reef, which the conflict arose around. Duterte spoke openly about “separation” from the Philippines’ traditionally close ally of the United States and instead advocated new alliances with China, among others.
Peace talks started in Oslo in August between the government and the Maoist guerrilla NPA. Both parties announced a ceasefire in connection with the talks that constituted the first formal contact in five years. The almost half-century-old conflict, mainly in the eastern and southern Philippines, was estimated to have claimed more than 40,000 lives.
The green islands were of interest to everyone
A thousand years ago, lively trade began through the Philippines as Chinese, Indian, and Arab merchants each in turn expanded their influence in the Pacific. In the footsteps of the Chinese are the first permanent communities. Islam landed with the merchants in the 14th century in the Sulu archipelago and gradually further north. A new newspaper in history turned in March 1521, when the Portuguese sailor Ferdinand de Magalhães, who had served in the Spanish crown, arrived on the islands. He declared the area he found Spanish property, and gave it a name after Philip, the heir to the motherland. Although Magalhães himself, who found the western sea route to the spice islands, was killed at the hands of the local tribal chief Lapu-lapu, the conquest of the islands and the conversion to Christianity began with expeditions from Spain. The first city was established on the island of Cebu. The Philippines, and its most important trading post, Manila, became a half-way stop for ships sailing between Central America and Spain for more than 250 years, carrying New World precious metals and other raw materials to enrich the mainland. The return cargo was utility and decorative items for wealthy Spaniards settling in the colonies. In particular, Chinese, Indian and Persian goods packaged from Manila traded. To deal with brokerage, a large Chinese minority was born in the Philippines, which has an active grip on island business to this day. In particular, Chinese, Indian and Persian goods packaged from Manila traded. To deal with brokerage, a large Chinese minority was born in the Philippines, which has an active grip on island business to this day. In particular, Chinese, Indian and Persian goods packaged from Manila traded. To deal with brokerage, a large Chinese minority was born in the Philippines, which has an active grip on island business to this day.
The harsh grips of the Spanish hosts and the slipping of the best farmland into their hands provoked several uprisings among the people, which were bloodily suppressed. The beloved freedom hero José Rizal died at the age of 35 in front of the Spanish court-martial in 1896. Liberation from the grip of the motherland in 1898 took place surprisingly with the help of the United States. It attacked the Cuban independence struggle-party capacity as the Spaniards against the Manila Bay. Spain lost the battle and the Philippines passed to American ownership in exchange for war – the colonial host changed. The United States developed the island state and steered it toward full independence, which, however, was allowed to wait until 1946, until the end of World War II, as the Philippines was occupied by Japan, which had sought domination of Southeast Asia for three years. The devastation of the war was great, especially in the vicinity of military bases established by the United States for the Philippines. Manila was one of the most bombed cities of World War II.
The independent Republic of the Philippines sought a model of democracy for its constitution and administration from the United States, with which cooperation continued in the economic, cultural, and defense policy areas. The last U.S. military base on the islands was closed in 1991. The Philippines has been described as the westernmost of the Asian countries. In domestic politics, the tradition of both strong influencers and strong resistance movements has continued. Among the country’s colorful presidents, Ferdinand Marcos managed to hold power for the longest time, more than 20 years, and turned from a fiery lawyer advocating a fair division of land to a dictator who murdered his political opponents. Mrs. Imelda, a “steel butterfly” known for her 3,000 pairs of shoes, used power behind the scenes. The Filipinos have officially twice elected a woman president.
Always humid tropical climate. There are three seasons in the Philippines: June to October is rainy (SW monsoons), November to February is cool (NE monsoons), and March to May is hot. In the lowlands it is extremely hot and humid. Precipitation decreases from the east (2000 mm to 3000 mm) to the west (1200 mm). The annual average temperature is around 27ºC. Typhoons frequently sweep the country from June to September.