Samoa. Ahead of the March parliamentary elections, there was a fierce debate about the electoral law’s requirement that every candidate must be a so-called matai, head of family and family, who has done hometown services for three years. The candidates sued each other in court with accusations that they did not fulfill the conditions. According to countryaah, the current population of Samoa is 198,425. Prime Minister Tuila’epa Sailele Malielegaoi was one of those who failed his opponent in court and could stand without competition in his constituency.
According to thereligionfaqs, the ruling Human Rights Protection Party (HRPP) already had its own majority in parliament, phono, but increased it to 35 seats out of 50. The opposition party Tautua Samoa was almost obliterated and received only two seats. 13 seats went to independent candidates.
A new feature of the electoral law was that five mandates were reserved for women, but only four were elected and the fifth member was quoted. One of the four women elected to HRPP, Fiame Naomi Mata’afa, was named Deputy Prime Minister and Minister responsible for Energy and Natural Resources.
In October, researchers warned that Samoa’s national bird pigeon was about to be eradicated. The bird had been threatened for several years and now the researchers thought there were only a few dozen left. Tooth pigeon is depicted on Samoa banknotes and coins.
- Abbreviation Finder: Check to see how the 3-letter abbreviation of ASM stands for the nation of Samoa in geography.
Dictionary of History
Samoa Island state of Oceania, located in western Polynesia, whose territory includes two islands of the homonymous archipelago, Savai’i and upolu, and some smaller islets. The Samoa archipelago was discovered in 1722 by the Dutch J. Roggeveen and was then called the Navigators Islands by LA de Bougainville, who visited it in 1768. Object of European, American and New Zealand penetration since 1870, in 1899 it was divided between the United States of America and Germany. The territory of the current state corresponds to the so-called Western Samoa, first a German protectorate (1899-1914), then entrusted to New Zealand as a mandate (1919) and then in trust (1946); the state, which became independent in 1962, became a member of the Commonwealth in 1970. The Constitution of 1962 sanctioned the regime of parliamentary democracy.