Shenzhen City Overview

According to PaulSourcing, Shenzhen is a city-subprovince of 10.6 million inhabitants located in the south of Guangdong Province, in the People’s Republic of China. The name of the city has its origins in the name given by the inhabitants of the area to the rice fields, which they called zhen or chon. Shenzhen means “cabian bottoms”, because the area in which the city is located is a region crossed by rivers and where there are cabian bottoms in rice fields.


The history of the city dates back to about 6,000 years since archaeological remains were found that prove that the area had been populated since the Neolithic. The history of the city can be divided into four different periods.

The first period extends from prehistory until approximately the year 1573. At this time, the city was inhabited by members of the Baiyue tribes who lived basically dedicated to fishing and, to a lesser extent, agriculture.

The second period, between 1573 and 1841, was the establishment of Xinan County, which extended to the present-day city of Hong Kong. The county capital was Nantou. Xinan’s economy is based on the exploitation of salt, tea and spices.

A third historical period would take the years understood between 1841 and 1979. In 1842, with the signing of the Treaty of Nanjing, Hong Kong was occupied by the British. In 1898 the Kowloon Peninsula was also defeated so that a good part of the territory ceased to be part of Xinan County. In 1913, the county changed its name to Bao’an to avoid confusion with Xin’an County located in Henan Province.

Finally, the last period in Shenzhen’s history began in 1979 when the central government decided to grant the city the rank of prefecture. In 1980, it was officially recognized as a ” special economic zone “, the first to be granted in the entire People’s Republic. The declaration of a special economic zone, together with the low price of land and labor, caused a large number of companies from Hong Kong to relocate to Shenzhen, resulting in economic and urban development for the city. In just a few years, Shenzhen went from being a fishing village to a large metropolis and one of the country’s main production centers, in fact it is one of the fastest growing cities in the world.


Currently, the city of Shenzhen has the following means of transportation:

  • Shenzhen Bao’anInternational Airport
  • L’aereollinia Shenzhen Airlines.
  • Shenzhen train station (深圳站).
  • The Shenzhen Metroopened on December 28, 2004.
  • Seaways
  • Roads that connect it with neighboring towns.


The main sports of the city’s football, l’equipu Llocal ye’l shenzhen Ruby FC (深圳钻s球ỹ乐部)俱乐部),the current name took in 2010. This Xuega team in the Chinese Premier League (中国足球甲级联赛), the stadium is the Shenzhen Stadium (深圳体育场) opened in June 1993 at a cost of 141 million of yuan and with capacity for 33 thousand spectators.


The subprovince of Shenzhen (深圳市, Shēnzhèn Shì) has an area of ​​1991.64 km², has a population of 10.63 million inhabitants, of which 3.10 million inhabitants have permanent residence, and the rest The number of inhabitants is made up of the population that temporarily lives as a result of migration from other regions in search of temporary work. Shenzhen has the highest population density in all of China, totaling 5,336.76 inhabitants per km².

Originally, the first four were within the Special Economic Zone while the Bao’an and Longgang districts were outside it and these were separated from it into two special zones called the nine areas Guangming (光明新区), Longhua (龙华新区), Pingshan (坪山新区) and Dapeng (大鹏新区), respectively. However, as of July 1, 2010, the distinction was broken, border control of the original economic zone was cancelled, and the Shenzhen special economic zone was expanded to the entire city.

Located in the center of the economic zone and neighboring Hong Kong, Luohu District is a financial and commercial center, occupying an area of ​​78.76 km². Futian is the district in which the municipal government is located, occupying an area of ​​78.66 km². With an area of ​​185.49 km², Nanshan District is the center of technological industries. Yantian Port is located in the Shenzhen district and is the second largest cargo terminal in China.


Plant:Climogram Shenzhen is a city located on the Tropic of Cancer, and due to the Siberian anticyclone and the China Sea the city experiences relatively dry winters and little snow.

The monsoon reaches its peak in the summer months, then the climate becomes mild and humid, but moderate and prone to cold weather. The average annual temperature is 22 °C and precipitation is more than 1900 mm.


According to 2010 data collected for a research project by the University of Southern California, the people of Shenzhen are comprised of approximately 37% traditional Chinese religion practitioners, 26% Buddhists, 18% Taoists, 2% Christians and 2% Muslim, and 15% unaffiliated.

Places of interest

Shenzhen has places of tourist interest that are worth visiting.

  • The Window of the World: here you can see reconstructions of places and various buildings in the world and the staging of dances and choreographies from multiple countries. There are a total of 118 monuments, such as the pyramids of Egypt, the Grand Canyon of Colorado in the USA, the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, etc., the Eiffel Tower which has a height of 108 metres, a third of the real.
  • Arrogant China: try a park with miniatures that represent the most significant places in the country according to the most relevant historical moments in China. The park occupies an area of ​​more than 315,000 m² and has more than 100 different scenarios.
  • Old Dapeng Fortress: Located about 50 kilometers from the city center, you will find this fortress, built in 1394 during the Ming Dynasty to fight against the attacks carried out by the invaders known as Da Peng Suo Cheng.
  • Cai Zhongying: This cai is the result of the agreements that were established between the Chinese and British governments. The stone is divided into two parts by eight enormous stones; In ancient times, one part of the city was under Chinese control while the other was under British control. Today, the capital of the cai still belongs to Hong Kong.

Sister cities

Shenzhen is in brotherhood with:

  • Houston, United States, March 1986.
  • Brisbane, Australia, June 1992.
  • Poznań, Polonia, xunetu de 1993.
  • Kingston, Xamaica, March 1995.
  • Lomé, Togo, June 1996.
  • Nuremberg, Germany, May 1997.
  • Tsukuba, Japan, June 2004.
  • Gwangyang, Korea del Sur, October 2004.
  • Johor Bahru, Malaysia, xunetu de 2006.
  • Perm, Russia, 2006.
  • Turin, Italia, xineru de 2007.
  • Timişoara, Romania, February 2007.
  • Rotherham, Reinu Xuníu, November 2007.
  • Montevideo, Uruguay, February
  • Barcelona, ​​Spain, July 2012.

Shenzhen City Overview