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Yearbook 2016

Haiti. The year was marked by deep political disagreement and institutional uncertainty as well as a major natural disaster.

2016 Haiti

In January, the second round of the presidential and congressional elections would have been held, but they were suspended because Jude CÚlestin, presidential candidate of the opposition alliance LAPEH (Alternative Alliance for Progress and Liberation), referred to extensive electoral fraud in the first round of October 2015 won by Jovenel Mo´se from PHTK (Haitian Tet Kalepartiet) and refused to participate.

According to countryaah, President Michel Martelly resigned on February 7, and was succeeded by Senate President Jocelerme Privert for a 120-day interim period. Privert is closely associated with former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide (1991, 1994–96, 2001–04) and has been head of both the tax authorities and the interior minister. In May, a commission of inquiry submitted a report to Privert recommending that the election result be rejected because of widespread cheating. A new date for presidential and congressional elections was set for October 9, with a second round of presidential elections on January 8, 2017 if no candidate achieved a majority. However, during the run-up to the election, a number of violent incidents occurred and a Senate candidate from the opposition was subjected to attempted murder.

Five days before the October 4 election, however, Haiti was hit by Hurricane Matthew and the election was canceled again. The hurricane caused a humanitarian disaster in the already poor country, which has not yet recovered from the earthquake in January 2010. Nearly 1,000 people died in the hurricane and more than 175,000 were evacuated. Particularly hard hit were the provinces of Nippes, Sud and Grand Anse in the south, where, according to the UN, 95% of housing and agricultural harvests were damaged and a total of about 1.4 million people were in need of humanitarian aid. The World Health Organization WHO reported that stagnant water in the hurricane's tracks caused a new spread of cholera, which has been endemic in the country for several years. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon announced that $ 120 million has been earmarked for disaster relief for those affected.

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