Geography of Henry County, Alabama

Geography of Henry County, Alabama

Henry County, situated in the southeastern part of Alabama, is a region rich in natural beauty, diverse landscapes, and cultural heritage. From its fertile farmlands to its meandering rivers and serene lakes, Henry County offers residents and visitors alike a glimpse into the heart of the Deep South.

Topography and Landforms:

According to Zipcodesexplorer, Henry County covers an area of approximately 562 square miles and is located within the Coastal Plain region of Alabama. The county’s topography is characterized by its gently rolling hills, flat plains, and numerous waterways.

The landscape of Henry County is predominantly rural, with vast expanses of farmland and forests interspersed with small towns and communities. Agriculture plays a significant role in the county’s economy, with crops such as cotton, peanuts, soybeans, and corn being common.

To the north of Henry County, the terrain becomes slightly more rugged as it transitions into the Piedmont Plateau region, characterized by its hilly terrain and rocky outcrops. However, the majority of the county consists of flat to gently rolling plains, making it ideal for agriculture and outdoor recreation.


Henry County experiences a humid subtropical climate, characterized by hot, humid summers and mild winters. The climate is influenced by its location in the southeastern United States, as well as its proximity to the Gulf of Mexico.

Summers in Henry County are typically hot and humid, with average temperatures ranging from the upper 80s to low 90s Fahrenheit. High humidity levels can make the summer months feel even hotter, with frequent afternoon thunderstorms providing temporary relief from the heat.

Winters in Henry County are mild and relatively short, with average temperatures ranging from the mid-40s to low 50s Fahrenheit. Snowfall is rare, and freezing temperatures are uncommon, making it possible to enjoy outdoor activities year-round.

Spring and fall in Henry County are characterized by mild temperatures and changing foliage, as the landscape comes alive with blooming flowers and vibrant colors. These seasons are popular for outdoor activities such as hiking, fishing, and hunting, as residents and visitors alike take advantage of the pleasant weather and natural beauty of the region.

Rivers and Waterways:

Henry County is intersected by several rivers and waterways, which play a vital role in shaping the county’s landscape and providing essential resources for agriculture, industry, and recreation. The most significant river in the county is the Chattahoochee River, which forms the eastern border of Henry County and serves as a major waterway for transportation, commerce, and recreation.

The Chattahoochee River and its tributaries, including the Abbie Creek, the Donalson Creek, and the Hardridge Creek, provide important habitat for fish, wildlife, and aquatic plants, as well as opportunities for recreational activities such as fishing, boating, and kayaking.

In addition to the Chattahoochee River, Henry County is also home to several smaller rivers and streams, such as the Shorterville Creek, the Sand Creek, and the Cowikee Creek, which drain into larger water bodies and contribute to the county’s overall hydrological network.

Lakes and Reservoirs:

While Henry County is not known for its natural lakes, it is home to several reservoirs and man-made lakes, which provide water storage, flood control, and recreational opportunities for residents and visitors alike.

One of the largest reservoirs in Henry County is Lake Eufaula, also known as Walter F. George Lake, a man-made reservoir created by the Walter F. George Dam on the Chattahoochee River. Lake Eufaula covers approximately 45,000 acres and offers a variety of recreational activities, including boating, fishing, swimming, and picnicking. The lake is surrounded by wooded shores and provides habitat for a variety of fish species, including bass, catfish, and crappie.

In addition to Lake Eufaula, Henry County is also home to smaller reservoirs and lakes, such as the Lake Tholocco, the Hardridge Creek Lake, and the West Point Lake, which provide opportunities for outdoor recreation and wildlife observation.

Vegetation and Wildlife:

The diverse geography and climate of Henry County support a variety of vegetation and wildlife. The county’s natural habitats include forests, wetlands, grasslands, and riparian zones, each providing essential habitat for a wide variety of plant and animal species.

Forests in Henry County are dominated by species such as pine, oak, hickory, and cedar, which provide food and shelter for wildlife species such as white-tailed deer, wild turkeys, raccoons, and various species of birds.

Wetlands and riparian zones along the rivers and streams provide habitat for waterfowl, shorebirds, and other wetland species, as well as serving as important breeding grounds and stopover sites for migratory birds.

The rivers and reservoirs of Henry County support a variety of fish species, including bass, catfish, crappie, and bream, as well as other aquatic species such as turtles, frogs, and crayfish. Additionally, the lakes and reservoirs provide important habitat for waterfowl and other wildlife species, making them popular destinations for birdwatching and nature observation.


The geography of Henry County, Alabama, is characterized by its diverse landscapes, fertile farmlands, and abundant natural resources. From the banks of the Chattahoochee River to the shores of Lake Eufaula, the county’s landscape offers a unique blend of outdoor recreation opportunities and scenic beauty. Whether exploring the rural countryside, fishing on the lake, or hiking along the river, Henry County invites visitors to experience the charm and hospitality of the Deep South in all its natural splendor.