Chile. President Michelle Bachelet had a difficult year with falling world market prices on Chile’s most important export product copper, declining government revenue and declining popularity. The crisis in the copper sector led, among other things, to the promised extra salary payments being lower than promised, which in September triggered a strike at the privately owned Los Bronces mine. Another strike at the state-owned El Salvador mine stopped production for four days. The falling copper prices directly affected the Chilean economy. In September, the central bank published an analysis that pointed to growth of only 0.5% for the year.
According to countryaah, the current population of Chile is 19,116,212. The problems in the economy led to strong dissatisfaction with President Bachelet. In August, an opinion poll showed that only 15% supported her, the lowest figure for any president since democracy was reintroduced in 1990. Particularly dissatisfaction was with regard to education and labor market issues. Votes were raised from within the Government Coalition New majority to change not only the composition of the government but the entire political direction. At the same time, the poll showed that mistrust not only affected Bachelet and the incumbent government, but the entire political establishment, and that no one could take any light political points in the polls ahead of the next presidential election in 2017. Former President Sebastián Piñera, who certainly looked to have the best chance of winning that election, for example, was also the focus of a crisis of confidence. A Chilean newspaper revealed that in 2010-11, he bought shares in a Peruvian fishing company for private account after the waters in which the company operated, and to which Chile and Peru disputed the rights, were awarded to Peru by the International Criminal Court in The Hague. Peculiar circumstances surrounding the share purchase made Piñera’s actions highly questioned.
Predictably, the municipal elections at the end of October became a major setback for Bachelet and the government coalition parties. The three parties to the Chile Opposition Alliance won 144 of the country’s 345 mayoral positions; most took the UDI (Independent Democratic Union). Among the most important cities were the opposition parties in the capital Santiago as well as Providencia and Maipú, while an autonomous candidate, the former student leader Jorge Sharp, won in Chile’s second city Valparaiso.
Santiago de Chile
Santiago de Chile, capital of Chile; 5.43 million residents (2012). The city is centrally located in the country, surrounded by the Andes to the east and the coastal mountain range to the west. Río Mapocho runs through the center of Santiago, which is otherwise dominated by the mountains of San Cristóbal with the Virgin Mary statue on top and the smaller Santa Lucia, both transformed into national parks.
Trade, communication and finance and cultural life are concentrated in the city center; in the eastern part of the city are middle and upper-class neighborhoods, while industrial areas extend westwards and include has engulfed the city of San Bernardo.
Population growth is high, mainly due to migration from the rest of the country, and large slums have spread up the coastal mountains. Santiago holds a significant part of Chile’s industry; Here, among other things, food, shoes and textiles. The city also houses the country’s most important educational institutions, among others. Universidad de Chile, founded 1738, and Universidad Catolica (1888). According to thereligionfaqs, the Chilean Parliament was moved in 1990 to the port city of Valparaíso approximately 140 km NW of Santiago. Close to the city are popular ski areas as well as some of Chile’s best-known wine districts, including the Maipo Valley.
The location between two mountain ranges, together with the growth of industry, traffic and population, has caused major problems with air pollution.
The Church of San Francisco (1618) is the only preserved sacral structure from the Spanish colonial period. Spanish architect Joaquín Toesca worked in the country from 1780; his neoclassical style can be seen in the Casa Real de la Moneda government building (begun 1784) at Plaza de la Libertad, where Salvador Allende died during the military coup in 1973, as well as in the city’s cathedral (1830) at Plaza de Armas.
After independence in 1818, a modernization of the city was initiated; later the Teatro Municipal (1857, rebuilt 1873) and the congress building (1876) were erected. approximately In 1900, some steel and glass structures were added, for example the Estación Alameda railway station (1910). The architecture of 1900-h. has been characterized by both traditional Spanish building style and modern high-rise buildings.
Santiago was founded in 1541 by the Spaniard Pedro de Valdivia. Already during the colonial period, the city assumed the role of the country’s center, and it became the capital after the independence, which was won at the Battle of Maipú near the city in 1818. The continued concentration of power in Santiago was among the causes of the uprisings that broke out in both the southern and the northern Chilean provinces in the 1850’s. In the decades around 1900, urban development began to grow again. extensive factory construction and expansion of rail links.