Suriname. According to countryaah, the current population of Suriname is 586,643. President Dési Bouterse, who is accused of being involved in disappearances and executions of political opponents under the military dictatorship under his leadership in the 1980s, was put under new pressure in June when courts withdrew the amnesty law approved by Parliament in 2012 and protected him from prosecution.
However, Bouterse immediately ordered the State Prosecutor to interrupt the ongoing legal process against him, citing Article 148 of the Constitution which allows the Head of State to intervene in the State Prosecutor’s Office if the national security is in danger. The security situation he pointed out was the economic crisis in which Suriname was hit by dramatically falling prices for the country’s export commodities and the risk of foreign dominance in the economy.
According to thereligionfaqs, prices of oil, bauxite and gold fell by 50%, 10% and 30% respectively against 2015, which hit the Surinamese economy hard and slowed growth. Particularly critical was the situation for the bauxite, which until 2007 accounted for 70% of the country’s total exports, but which has now fallen back to 13%. Its contribution to GDP has more than halved and its share of the state budget has fallen by two-thirds.
Towards the end of the year, popular protests against economic policy increased, which included tightening measures and price increases for electricity and water to meet the demands of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). In May, the IMF approved new loans of $ 478 million for the government’s restructuring measures, and in September, Suriname received $ 1.8 billion from the Islamic Development Bank, dedicated to investments in the energy, agriculture and social sectors.
The town, which at the 1980 census had a population of 355,240 residents and at an estimate in 1992 it counted 420,000 residents, is divided into nine districts and an urban district, in which Paramaribo, the capital (200,970 residents in 1993) is located. The strongest ethnic groups in percentage terms are Creole (35% of the total population in 1991) and Indian (33%); followed by Indonesians (15%), Negroes (10%), Amerindians (3%). The density, of 2.6 residents / km 2, is the lowest in all of South America.
In 1992 agriculture contributed 13.8% to the formation of the gross national product, employing 15.6% of the active population; among the products rice prevails (1,900,000 q in 1992), which covers internal needs and allows for a certain export (6.1% of the total). Other products for local consumption are grown in the country, such as sugar (20,000 q in 1991), citrus fruits (160,000 q), bananas (490,000 q). Given the climatic and environmental conditions of the Suriname, breeding has little weight, except for poultry, which number about 9 million. Fishing is of greater importance, which with 4100 t of annual catch helps to integrate the food supply of the population. Forest resources, despite covering 91% of the territorial surface, with a large number of precious essences,3 of lumber.
The economy receives a strong boost from the extraction of bauxite (of which Suriname, with 3,160,000 t in 1992, is an important producer worldwide), which with its derivatives (alumina and aluminum) contributes to the four fifths to the total value of exports. The Suriname also has extensive deposits of iron minerals and reserves of manganese, copper, nickel, platinum, gold and kaolin. In 1981 the presence of oil sands in the Saramacca district and offshore deposits was ascertained, of which prospecting has begun. Road and railway communication routes are poorly developed, while river and sea connections are good (main ports in Paramaribo, Nieuw Nickerie and Albina). Air communications have had a recent development and make use of the Zanderij international airport, 45 km from Paramaribo. Foreign trade has a slightly active balance: the country exports bauxite, alumina and aluminum, rice, shellfish, bananas and timber, while it imports manufactured goods and vehicles. The main partners are the United States and the Netherlands.