Netherlands. In January, the government agreed to extend
the Netherlands' participation in the US-led air strikes
against the Islamic State terrorist sector (IS) to include
Syria. The country has participated in attacks against IS in
Iraq since 2014. Prime Minister Mark Rutte pointed out that
the terrorist attacks in Paris in November showed that IS
posed a threat to security and "our way of life". The United
States and France had pushed for the Netherlands to
participate in Syria, even though the country had previously
wanted a UN mandate first.
countryaah, the current population of Netherlands is 17,134,883.
An advisory referendum was held in April on the
cooperation agreement that the EU has signed with Ukraine
and which has tentatively entered into force. As a clear
sign of growing EU resistance in the Netherlands, 61% voted
against the agreement, even though turnout was low. Despite
the result, Parliament voted down a motion that the
Netherlands should withdraw from the agreement which the
other 27 EU countries have already approved. Jasidan
stressed that it was a trade agreement and not EU membership
The referendum in the UK in June, where a majority of
voters voted for exit from the EU, further strengthened EU
resistance in the Netherlands. The leader of the right-wing
Extreme Freedom Party (PVV), Geert Wilders, pledged to make
"nexit" - a Dutch exit - into an election issue ahead of the
2017 election. PVV, which had 15 of 150 seats in
Parliament's second chamber, was predicted to be the largest
in the 2017 election.
Geert Wilders was charged with having talked about
throwing Moroccans out of the country during a mass meeting
in 2015. He was convicted in December for insult and
rioting, but not for the more serious crime being incited
against a group of people. The PVV leader escaped sanction.
By the end of 96, unemployment had fallen to 6.6%.
Economic growth was 2.7% due to an increase in exports and
national consumption. In 1997, the Amsterdam City Council
decided to continue the city's expansion over Lake Ijmer,
thus disregarding the result of a local referendum in March
of that year.
In June 97, EU heads of state and government held a
summit in Amsterdam to finalize the EU's newest treaty - the
Amsterdam Treaty. Parallel to the meeting, the European
trade union movement and opposition organizations of the EU
had convened extensive demonstrations. 30-40,000 people
attended the protest demonstrations, which were met by a
massive police rally that carried out massive "preventive"
mass arrests. Together with protesters from most other
European countries, about 100 Danes were interned,
registered and deported from the Netherlands after a few
days. It was not until 1999 that the many illegally detained
were awarded compensation by the Dutch state.
In March 98, the EU demanded that the Netherlands and 5
other countries take special steps in the form of economic
crisis packages to enable the introduction of the EU's new
coin, the Euro.
The election to Parliament's second chamber in May 1998
strengthened the government coalition consisting of the
Labor Party and the People's Party for Freedom and
Democracy, which received 29% and 24.7% of the votes
respectively. Together with their partner Democracy 66, they
could strengthen the government alliance. In the March 1999
general election, the Christian Democrats regained first
place, becoming the largest party with 26% of the vote.
However, the government coalition still had 50.6% of the
A parliamentary debate which was scheduled to end in
early 2001 should address the issue of active euthanasia.
The government had already in 1999 approved the proposal,
according to which people older than 12 can ask for active
euthanasia. If Parliament approves the proposal, the
Netherlands will be the first country in the world to allow
In December 2000, Parliament passed a law granting gay
marriage the same legal status as heterosexuals. Another law
gave them at the same time increased rights of adoption. The
laws were passed by a large majority and their supporters
declared that they give homosexuals greater rights than in
any other European country.
The Criminal Tribunal for the Ex-Yugoslavia (ICTY)
sentenced a historic ostrich in July 2001, when it sentenced
a Croatian militiamen to 10 years in prison for rape and
torture, as he had not prevented a soldier under his command
from committing sexual assaults. The appeals court,
consisting of 5 judges from the International Criminal
Court, rejected the entire defense's argument seeking to
overturn the original judgment of December 1998. The
appellate court's sentence upheld the 1998 verdict and
declared rape a war crime, and the 10-year prisoner Anto
Furundzij was sentenced to 10 years in prison. to
"contribute to torture" and 8 years to "assist and