Timor. Prolonged drought due to the weather phenomenon of El Niño caused food and water shortages during the year, which had major consequences for households in East Timor where over 70% of the population lives from self-cultivated crops. Many families were forced to reduce the number of meals and go a long way to fetch water. The children were particularly vulnerable, as a large number were already malnourished. According to a report published by the Humanitarian Partnership Agreement (HPA) in February, nearly 40% of children under 5 years in East Timor were underweight. According to the aid organization Plan International, 70,000 cattle had also died as a result of the drought.
According to countryaah, the current population of Timor-Leste is 1,318,456. A research report aimed at drawing attention to the upbringing of children was published in the scientific journal eLife in July. The results of the research showed that the world’s shortest men came from East Timor and that they had an average length of 160 cm. The world’s shortest women were from Guatemala and the tallest men and women came from the Netherlands and Latvia respectively. According to the report, children who have access to nutritious food and a good growing environment tend to become longer. Genes are also an important factor.
The Permanent Arbitration Court (PCA) in The Hague in September agreed to East Timor’s request to review a border dispute between Australia and East Timor regarding the distribution of revenue of a large gas and oil field in the Timor Sea. According to the arbitral tribunal, which after initial negotiations stated that the talks were “very successful”, an agreement between the countries was expected to be reached in September 2017.
The climate in Timor-Leste is tropical, generally hot and humid, and is characterized by pronounced rainy and dry seasons. The rainy season lasts from late November to April. During this time the fields are cultivated again. The harvest season follows the end of the rainy season.
The capital Dili has an average annual rainfall of 840 mm; most of the rain falls from December to March. In contrast, the city of Manatuto, east of Dili, receives an average of only 565 mm of annual precipitation. According to thereligionfaqs, the south coast of East Timor is more rainy with 1500 to 2000 mm of annual precipitation; most of the rain falls on the central south coast and the southern mountains. However, the mountains often create a special local microclimate, as a result of which, for example, the place Lolotoe in the municipality of Bobonaro has the highest annual rainfall in East Timor with 2837 mm. There are also very large differences in the amount of precipitation over the years.
The temperature in the dry season is around 30 to 35 ° C in the lowlands (20 ° C at night). Parts of the north coast reach temperatures of over 35 ° C at the end of the dry season, but with low humidity and almost no precipitation. In the mountains it is also warm to hot during the day, but at night the temperature can drop to below 15 ° C and significantly lower at higher altitudes. At an altitude of 500 m, the annual average temperature is 24 ° C, at 1000 m at 21 ° C, 1500 m at 18 ° C and at 2000 m at 14 ° C.
The wind in Dili is weakest in May at 7 km / h and strongest in August at 12 km / h.
Climate change is affecting East Timor as well. By 2050, average temperatures are expected to rise by 1.5 ° C and rainfall by 10%.