Kosovo. In February, Parliament appointed a new president after Atifete Jahjaga, whose term of office expired. After two votes when a two-thirds majority was demanded, Foreign Minister Hashim Thaçi won in the third attempt, when a simple majority was enough. Former guerrilla leader Thaçi and former prime minister had been promised the presidential post in a settlement to resolve a government crisis in 2014.
According to countryaah, the current population of Kosovo is 1.81 million. The election was marked by concern with new tear gas attacks in Parliament and clashes on the streets of the capital Priština. The opposition claimed that cheating had occurred, but the Constitutional Court upheld the election result. Behind the tear gas protests in Parliament, which began last autumn, lay opposition politicians who opposed the settlement reached on municipal autonomy for the Kosovo Serbs. Thaçi had taken a leading role in the talks, which also aimed at improving relations with Serbia in order to improve the chances of both parties joining the EU. The opposition boycotted the ceremony when Thaçi took office in April.
According to thereligionfaqs, an obstacle on the road to Serbian autonomy was cleared when Kosovo and Serbia agreed in November on telecommunications, which meant that in December Kosovo received its own country code, 383.
The opposition’s often violent protests also aimed at a contentious agreement with Montenegro on the border demarcation between the countries, which meant that 8,000 hectares of land would accrue to the neighboring country. The land was uninhabited. The issue caused a new tear gas attack in parliament in August, and the same month the public service company RTK was subjected to hand grenade attacks by a group which claimed that RTK had taken the government’s party over the border agreement.
When Parliament would then approve the agreement, it ended with the entire vote being postponed indefinitely, to the cheers of the government opponents. Clarifying the border demarcation between countries was crucial to Kosovo’s chances of getting visa-free access to the EU and being able to continue to approach the Union.
- Abbreviation Finder: Check to see how the 3-letter abbreviation of RKS stands for the nation of Kosovo in geography.
In October, a law was passed to nationalize most of the Trepca mining complex in Mitrovica to save it from bankruptcy. As a result, the Kosovo Serbs decided on boycott by both parliament and government. The issue of ownership has long been a matter of dispute also with the Belgrade government. The recovery of mainly lead, zinc and silver in Trepca accounted for around two-thirds of Kosovo’s economy before the 1990s war, but the operation then ended up saving and debts grew enormous.
Region of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which declared itself independent on October 19, 1991. From 1946 to 1971 the official name was Kosovo-Metohija, adopted again from 1990. It borders to the West with Montenegro and Albania, to the South with the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and for the rest with other Serbian territories. The country (which extends for 10. 887 km ²) is mostly mountainous, with a harsh morphology, except for the area near the Albanian border, where the vast plain of Metohija. The climate is temperate continental.
The population, at the 1991 census (and therefore before the recent war events that upset the demographic and economic structure of the region, see below: History), was 1. 954. 747 residents, about 90 % of Albanian origin and the great majority of Islamic religion. The birth rate was very high, but the demographic increase was limited by the massive emigration to which the population of Kosovo was forced due to the scarcity of resources of the territory and the consequent high unemployment rate. In addition to the capital, Priština (241. 600 residents According to an estimate of 1997), few other centers had an urban character: Prizren, Peć, Kosovska Mitrovica.